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    DUYURU 2

    Dergimizin haziran sayısı editörlüğünü Hacettepe Üniversitesi'nden Prof. Dr. Emine YILMAZ yapmaktadır.

     


Abstract


THE FOUNDATION OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT IN BARTIN AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED FROM THE OTTOMAN TO THE TURKISH REPUBLIC
Before the foundation of a municipal government in Bartın, it is known that some civic services such as controlling the marketplace and cleaning service were carried out by a person called “çarşı ağası”. In 1867, when Bartın became the center of the district, there began some efforts to found a municipal government. Hence, in 1870, the municipal government was formed and it took the responsibility of carrying out civic services. However, it was not until 1876 that the first modern municipality could be established. The early years of the municipality were hard because of financial difficulties and lack of personnel. Therefore, there was no significant service by the municipality for the first five years. In the middle of 1880s, there began an increase in the number of municipal works in the city. The priority was given to solve the water problem. The other main works of the municipality were conducting cleaning services, dealing with the problems in infrastructure and sewages and controlling marketplaces. The municipality also made contributions to the constructions of government house, bridges and schools. Bartın had similar difficulties as many other small provinces in Ottoman Empire did. The major ones were the problems in the organization of the municipality, financial difficulties, lack of qualified personnel, oppositions of the notables. In addition, there were some allegations of corruption and infraction about Bartın Municipality such as embezzlement, unfair tax collection and tyrannizing the public. It can be understood that many of these allegations were because of ayans (local notables) between the notables. In spite of all these difficulties, it can be seen that the sustainability in the works of Bartın Municipality continued after the first ten- year passing period which many efforts were made in organization and institutionalization. Furthermore, the fact that these works continued during the period of World War I and Independence War was very important in terms of the development of the city from Ottoman to Turkish Republic.

Keywords
Bartın, Municipality, Public Works, Ottoman, Turkish Republic.


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