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Abstract


KHOOMEI SINGING STYLE IN TUVA TURKS
Khoomei is a traditional singing style that discovered by the Western world in the 1930s. It is a Mongolian word that meaning singing through the throat. This form of singing is performed by Tuva Turks living in Southern Siberia which is affiliated with the Russian Federation. This form of singing continues to exist in the neighbors of the Tuva Altai Republic, Sakha, Khakas and Mongolia. When dealing with the way people sing, the geographical, sociological, religious, folkloric and cultural aspects are of utmost importance in terms of understanding and analyzing them. Our voice is the mirror of our emotions; it is a very complex instrument. Singing is shaped by the lives of societies. Singing styles and schools are the codes of that society, they represent a tradition with the transfer from past to present. In terms of singing technique; Khoomei singing form consists of the formation and harmonics of more than one sound at the same time. Temporary folds created by khoomei singers with the use of pressurized breath during the formation of sound causes the formation of a different sound source other than the vocal cords. From the lifestyle of Tuva Turks to the way of belief, the effect of shamanism and epics play an important role in the basis of the factors that make up this singing style. Attention has been drawn to the findings that some of the pharyngeal vowels in the Tuva Turkish language which includes archaic features of Turkish, may have an effect on the way of singing hoomey. In terms of Tuva folklore, in the study, the different types of singing of khoomei have been examined and the differences and performance characteristics of these khoomei styles have been emphasized. By referring to the mechanisms that make up the vocal, the formation of the tradition of singing through the larynx-throat, how the organs of the voice move, and the acoustic and physical characteristics of the sound; Functional functions of some organs producing the voice and some formant findings were interpreted.

Keywords
Khoomei, Tuva Turks, Altai, throat singing, formant


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