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ARMENIANS IN GREAT SELJUK EMPIRE:From Initiation Until Death of Melikşah (1018-1092)
In this study, the Turkish – Armenian relations realized between years 1018 and 1092, during the Great Seljuk Empire era, which is the first empire established by Turks after the acceptance of Islam. The first contact between Armenians and Turks was realized during the campaigns of Cagri Bey in 1018 to Eastern Anatolia before the Seljuk Empire was established. In the meantime Byzantium King Basileos II. (976-1025) connected East Anatolia directly to Byzantium government and transferred Armenian people by force to inner regions. This operation of annex and deportation prior to Turkish conquests is a product of traditional Byzantium policy of assimilation and reinforcement of borderline. However these efforts did not give the desired results due to attrition and conquest activities of Seljuks and even eased the conquest of Anatolia. Turkish campaigns, which caused great surprise and fear on Armenians, continued more frequently by the involvement of regular armies after establishment of Great Seljuk Empire. Due to defeats against Turkish armies, the morality of Armenian governors, soldiers and reverends were knocked sideways. While reverends related these defeats with the sins committed against God, governors related defeats with old prophecies and interpreted them as “It is impossible to be successful against Turks.” Turkish army had its one of the most glorious victories in August 26th 1071 under the command of Alparslan and reached to Istanbul fronts in a very short time after this victory. The establishment of Turkey Seljuk Empire in Iznik in 1075 crowned the conquest operation. After these developments, Armenians blamed their soldiers and governors with cowardice but at the same time they were happy not to be assimilated thanks to Turks. Because Seljuks did not interfere in the religious beliefs of Armenians and let them live under the governance of autonomous emirates and kingdoms. It is understood that this situation continued as it is in Sultan Tugrul, Alparslan and Meliksah periods, compliant to the character of being a Turkish-Islam state.

In this study, the Turkish – Armenian relations realized between years 1018 and 1092, during the Gre

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