A STUDY ON EUROPEAN CHARTER OF LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT: THE CASE OF TURKEY
The effects of factors such as the democratization process in Turkey, new constitution discussions, the restructuring endeavor of Turkish public administration, determining full membership to European Union as a strategic target, and peace process are intensively discussed with self-determined local government and strength of local democracy in Turkish politics. While discussions are going on strengthening local autonomy, we encounter European Charter of Local Self Government as the basic resource of discourses and assertions of politicians, academicians and public opinion. In addition this, the parties associated with these discussions attribute different meaning to European Charter of Local Self Government. It is differently construed and mostly decontextualized by these parties. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to analyze restructured local government in Turkey in terms of their adaptation to European Charter of Local Self Government and make suggestions regarding steps for strengthening autonomy of local government in the frame of European charter.
It can be seen that the latest reforms of local governments in Turkey harmonize majorly with European Charter of Local Self Government. Most of the disadvantages of particular clauses have lost their meaning practically after the latest reforms on Turkish charter of self-government. In addition this, it is possible to take some steps in terms of the degree of administrative tutelage control and financial autonomy of local governments for strengthening and applying in the practice the existing conformity of legislative platform towards Charter of Self Government in Turkey. Fulfillment of these requirements will disclose the disclosure of some parties who discuss unclearly and politicize radically European Charter of Local Self Government by separating it from its context.
Decentralization, European Charter of Local Self Government, Local Governments, Autonomy