BRONZE AGE GRAVES IN THE DELGERKHAAN MOUNTAIN AREA OF EASTERN MONGOLIA
During the archaeological fieldwork (2008-2009) the archaeological team discovered unknown before ancient three cemeteries with 469 graves in Delgerkhaan mountain area, Tuvshinshiree soum, Sukhbaatar aimag, We excavated 33 graves in the Ulaanzuukh Valley and two graves each in the Adgiin Gol and Bulgiin Ekh valleys (2008-2013). The external construction of the graves were all similar, with 3-8 graves, spaced 30-50 cm apart, grouped within a common stone enclosure in each cemetery. Each grave has an external square shaped construction composed of stone slabs in three or four layers. The deceased were buried face down with orientation to the east. Radiocarbon dates on human remains indicate the cemeteries go back to the Bronze Age (1400-1300 BC). These graves in some respect differ from the well-known slab graves and figured grave monuments of the Bronze Age in eastern and southeastern Mongolia in their construction, burial tradition, and artifacts,and provide us with information about local variants of the Bronze Age graves in eastern Mongolia.
Mongolia, Bronze Age, grave, cemetery.