CULT OF ALAN-GHO’A AND THE UNIQUE POSITION OF WOMEN IN THE CHINGGISID DYNASTIES
The Mongol noble women played very important roles in political, economical, and social lives in their societies. Moreover, women’s noble lineage had crucial importance for their husbands’ and children’s political and military careers. Furthermore, this tradition continued among post-Chinggisid dynasties in Central Asia and India for centuries. After the fall of the Chinggisid dynasties about 14th century, especially marrying with women from the Chinggisid Golden Lineage Altan Urugh was one of the most important tool of legitimization for the amīrs (tribal leaders) who wanted to be the ruler. From this perspective, although noble women were also very important in the Turkish state systems, it was not continuous as it was in the Mongols. For the Mongols matriline was more important and women had higher positions when it is compared with the Turks who established states and empires. The Turks and Mongols lived in the same geographical and social conditions and had similar political systems. Then, why the position of women shows differences? In order to answer this question, comparison will be made between the narrative Alan-Ghoa who was accepted as Chinggis Khan’s ancestress and the legend of Oghuz Khan who was accepted as a legendary ancestor of the Turkish dynasties.
Alan Gho’a, Oghuz Khan, Central Asia, Turks and Mongols, Mongol women