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Abstract


THE STRUGGLE OF THE CRIMEAN TATAR IN THE TSARIST RUSSIA
A reform movement formed in the last quarter of the 19th century among the Tatar Turks in the inner Russia began to spread rapidly in other Muslim regions of the Russian Empire. Ismail Gasprinski’s role and contribution to formation of national media, new literature and literary language of the Turkic peoples of the Russian Empire is indisputable. While Ismail Gasprinski refers to the reforms that should be realized in the society together with the education system, he planned to make a change to the Muslim society in order to give a stable life in accordance with the time. In brochure Russian Islam, published in 1881, Gasprinski tried to show what policy should lead the Russian government regarding the Muslims under its control, their language, religion, education and other subjects, and represents his views and suggestions on this issue. The tsarist government was completely opposed to the education system proposed by Gasprinski and displayed a very strict policy in this regard. The Russian government gave all attention to the publishing and social activities of Ismail Gasprinski, especially to the newspaper Tercüman. Tercüman is considered by all the Tsarist authorities as a major source and most important institution of Pan-Islamism in Russia.

Keywords
Gasprinski, Jadidism, new method, Tercüman, Ostroumov, Pan-Islam, tsarist government


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