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  • DUYURU 3

    Yayın politikamız

    gereği,

    yayinlanacak

    makale sayısı

    sınırlandırılmış ve

    çalışmaların geliş

    tarihi itibarıyla

    yayınlanması

    kararlaştırılmıştır.


    DUYURU 2

    Dergimiz ana

    sayfasında

    "Dergi Hakkında"

    kısmında belirtilen

    alanlar dışında

    yayın kabul 

    etmeyecektir.

     


    DUYURU 1

    Çok yazarlı

    makalelerdeki

    tüm yazarların 

    dergiye 

    üye olması

    gerekmektedir.

    Aksi takdirde

    yazılar

    yayınlanmayacaktır.

     


Abstract


ARISTOTLE: STATE PRIORITY IN STATE-INDIVIDUAL RELATIONSHIP
In Policy I.2 Aristotle describes the relationship between the state and the individual as part-whole relation. According to that; just as it comes before all its parts, it comes before the individuals and families who bring themselves to the fountain in the state. However, it is clear that Aristotle's reference to this priority relation from the historical process of the formation of the state and from the fact that the state is made up of individuals is not a priority in terms of time. So what does Aristotle mean when he says that the state came before the self-sacrificing things? Many commentators have resorted to various meanings of the concept of "coming first" in Aristotle's Metaphysical work and put forward metaphysical-based interpretations to make this point clear. At the beginning of Aristotle's politics, the state's natural development and how the emergence of it supports this. However, this only shows how the priority relation between the state and the individual can not be. Hence, according to Aristotle, it is not clear from which side the state came before the individual. The use of Aristotle's concepts in his ontology in his discourse on the state, many commentators such as Mayhew and Chen pointed to Aristotle's Metaphysics. For them, Aristotle's use of the same concepts in Hempolika and Metaphysics is evidence of the connection between Aristotle's political and ontological views. Moving from the different meanings of Aristotle's concept of "coming first" in Metaphysics, they tried to explain what Mayhew and Chen meant when Aristotle said that the state came before the individual. For them, the priority corresponds to priority in terms of substance-nature. In other words, while the individual can not exist independently from the state; the state can exist independently of the individual. However, as mentioned above, some of Aristotle's discourses indicate that he can not exist independently in his state. This is a threat to the interpretation of Mayhew and Chen. However, it is also debatable whether the strategy that Mayhew and Chen follow is a right strategy. Because Aristotle's classification among the sciences, metaphysical theoretical sciences, policy is among the practical sciences. The purpose of this study is to show that the interpretations of Aristotle's arguments are insufficient.

Keywords
Aristotle, State, Individual, Family, Theory of State


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