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Abstract


RELIGION-POLICY RELATIONSHIP and POLICY of RELIGION EDUCATION BETWEEN SEPTEMBER 12, 1980 COUP D’ETAT- FEBRUARY 28, 1997 MILITARY INTERVENTION
With the beginning of multiparty lifelong transition process and during the Cold War in the world, Turkey was alongside the U.S.A. and at the same time, The World War II process created a crisis within the country. All these caused a process called "liberalization in religion" between the years of 1946-1950 in Turkey. Following this process, the Democratic Party, which came to power in 1950, accelerated the process of liberalization in religion and the Democratic Party continued this process until the 1960s. A different situation emerged after the 1960 coup d’état and there have been some changes in religious policies, this situation continued until the September 12th coup d’état. This situation also continued after the coup d’état, some changes were made in the context of religious policies, a number of implementations were actualized. Therefore, after the September 12th coup d’état, it is important to reveal the understanding and development of the relationship between religion and politics. In this study, it will be focused on the basic policies concerning the religious phenomenon from the September 12th coup d’état until February 28th coup d’état in Turkey and the issues related to their implementation. In this study, after summarizing the Democratic Party 's influence on religious policy with the multiparty life and after May 27th, religious education in schools which became the main topic of agenda about religion, religious education in schools after 1980, the exemption conditions in religious education, manner of approaching to the religious education, course books of religious culture and knowledge of ethics, closure of political parties due to the contradiction of secularism, headscarf issue and the February 28th process of religion / secularism policies and eight years of compulsory education will be handled in accordance with chronological order.

Keywords
September 12th military Coup d’état; February 28th military coup d’état; Religion Policies; Secular


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