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    Prof.Dr. Özkul

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Abstract


STUDİES OF SEASONAL LABOR MOBİLİTY AND SEASONAL AGRİCULTURAL WORKER PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY LİFE İN TURKEY: MANİSA / ALAŞEHİR EXAMPLE
Agriculture is undoubtedly the Ottoman Empire to the present state of Turkey's most important economic dynamics and has been the most important source of livelihood of the people. According to research 23% of the 28 million jobs that have made Turkey Statistical Institute constitutes agricultural sector. It is estimated that about half of the 6 million agricultural workforce is made up of seasonal agricultural workers. Regarding the employment rate, it is seen that the legal regulations regarding the working life for seasonal agricultural workers, which is a very high rate, are inadequate. Even among the agricultural workers who do the same job, wage differentials by geography and sex are striking. The aim of the study was to examine the problems that the current situation of seasonal agricultural workers and live in Turkey and to produce solutions for the elimination of this problem. In line with this aim, seasonal agricultural workers; transportation, accommodation, education, health, wages and working conditions in accordance with the standards of human dignity. The seasonal agricultural workers who came to the Alaşehir district of Manisa to work in various jobs in grape harvesting and grape operations in the research; demographic characteristics, living conditions and working conditions. According to the results of the research, there were differences in the working conditions according to the demographic characteristics of the employees, between the problems of transportation and transportation.

Keywords
Seasonal Jobs, Seasonal Agricultural Work, Seasonal Agricultural Worker, Employment


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