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    Prof.Dr. Özkul

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Abstract


ZONING AND LAND-USE PLANNING IN TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS AND THE ROLE OF MUNICIPALITIES IN THE PROCESS
Cyprus is an island in the Eastern Mediterranean Region that is a combination of three continental trade routes. The north of the island, which has a long history, was declared as Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) in 1983. The zoning and land-use planning process in the TRNC is carried out with the planning tradition of the British administration by the central government. At first glance, the centralizing of planning authority may seem to provide integrity in a very small island country, but the fact that the municipalities are not involved in the process of directing urban development and growth decisions can lead to many negative developments. Increasing irregular settlement conditions and rapid population growth in the historical process lead to serious problems in terms of protecting urban, environmental and historical structure. It is one of the sine qua non of contemporary urban administration process that municipalities taking part as one of the most effective actors in determining building principles, development aspects and conservation principles of the space defined as rural, urban, tourist, archaeological or natural environment and it is crucial that the authority, duties and responsibilities related to urban services be distributed equally between central and local governments. The aim of this study is to evaluate and examine the zoning and land-use planning process in TRNC in the context of the role of municipalities in the relevant process. In this context, the steps of the related process, the institutions, legal bases and the authorities of municipalities in this process were also mentioned and the method of literature survey was used.

Keywords
Zoning and Land-use Planning, Local Administrations, Municipality, TRNC


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