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    Prof.Dr. Özkul

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Abstract


NEW URBAN MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE IN THE CONTEXT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORMS IN TURKEY
Changes brought about by globalization, are also taken into the city; the development of the urban scale, the growing urban population and strong local dynamics are revealed the metropolitan city. The Systems designed for the management of small urban scales have gave place to new searches along with metropolitan cities. In this context, the need to rede-fine the organizational and managerial characteristics of cities has led to local government reforms taking place on the agenda of countries with different practices and applications. With the developments in the world, Local government reforms have been made also in Turkey. The first reforms were carried out within the scope of the developments after 1980. Municipality Law No. 3030 dated in 1983 was introduced for the first time metropolitan go-vernance model in Turkey. Discussions about “reform of the administrative structure" have been started in 2000s in the field of public administration in Turkey. Because of the current local government system in Turkey is usually configured according to the small- scale muni-cipalities and in the light of developments in the World, it is needed to develop new criterias for metropolitan urban management. Since 2002, studies have been carried out to find new approaches within this scope. Re-cently, the Law No. 6360, adopted on 12 November 2012, introduces a new management structure for the new metropolitan cities. In this study, Turkey’s local government system will be examined in the framework of re-forms and particularly reforms that have taken place since 2000s will be set forth in the legal and administrative level.

Keywords
Local Administration Reforms, European Union, Law No. 6360, Urban Management, Metropolitan City, Pro


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