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    Prof.Dr. Özkul

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Abstract


EUROSCEPTICISM AS ONE OF THE WAYS OF CLOSING THE DEMOCRATIC DEFICIT IN EUROPEAN UNION AND THE CONTENTS OF THIS CONCEPT IN TURKEY
After the Second World War, European Union (EU) was established by the six founding nations to base peace in Europe and trying to have a say in the developments in the world with twenty eight members after the enlargement process. But EU sometimes criticized by the citizens of the member states and member states. In particular, the decline in national sovereignty by the strengthening of the EU is perceived as a great threat by the nation states. As a result of this, some member states have not been involved in certain policy areas of the Union and some agreements have been rejected by the citizens of the member states. The rejection of membership or some agreements by the citizens implies that the EU process has evolved into an integration process to be led by the citizens, not by the elites. Behind this situation is thought to be the concept of Euroscepticism, which is said to have emerged in the UK and which doubts the EU policies and questions the integration process. On the nation-state basis, in the sense of skepticism some parties are either totally opposed to the EU or present opposition views about the future. Parallel to this situation, an independent Eurosceptic group in the European Parliament also expresses these considerations in the supranational level. The aim is to reduce as much as possible the democracy deficit in the EU. In order to close this gap, the idea of European citizenship is put into place and participation of the citizens is tried to be provided to the process. Euroscepticism, however, finds different responses in the sense of geographical, economic, candidate or member state or sectarian status. When we look this subject from the perspective of Turkey, Euroscepticism is rising between the parties and citizens.

Keywords
European Union, Euroscepticism, Democracy Deficit, Turkey


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