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Abstract


THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE IN TURKEY TURKISH AND AZERBAIJANI TURKISH
Comparative linguistic studies are a widely used method for revealing differences between Turkish dialects that occur over time. With this method, differences and similarities across similar dialects are identified. In this article, the simple present tense used in Azerbaijani Turkish and Turkey Turkish included in the Western/Oghuz Group is investigated. Although comparative studies between the two languages exist, certain linguistic issues in both Turkey and Azerbaijani Turkish must be reconsidered for further examination. The study firstly describes in detail the features of the present simple tense in Turkey Turkish, and demonstrates the conjugation patterns as well as their function. Next, the representation of the present simple tense within Azerbaijani Turkish is explored. Resource-book definitions provided for the simple present tense in both languages are then scrutinized. Additionally, research studies and book chapters published in Turkey about the grammar of Azerbaijani Turkish are examined. The historical development of the present tense in both languages was investigated during the evaluation process. The results indicate that unlike Turkey Turkish, in Azerbaijani Turkish, no special term for the said tense exists and that it is instead incorporated within the future tense structures of the language. It is highlighted in the study that; in the Old Turkish language and in Azerbaijani Turkish, the boundaries between the suffixes used for both the present continuous and present tenses became clearer; the structures formed with the –ır, -ir, -ur, -ür suffixes were re-allocated to solely represent the present continuous tense; and that the structures formed with the -ar, -er suffixes transformed to represent the uncertain future mode. In Turkish, as a result of the emergence of a new suffix -yor- used for the present tense, all suffixes previously used to represent both the present continuous and present tenses transformed to represent the modern present tense only. The study, therefore, offers a comparison, explanation and exemplification of the existing functions that the present simple tense serve in both languages. Samples selected from literary texts were utilized to support the findings. As such, the study seeks to contribute to the body of comparative linguistics studies

Keywords
Turkey Turkish, Azerbaijani Turkish, present simple tense, future tense, present continuous tense


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