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    Üniversitesi Öğretim Üyesi

    Doç.Dr. Özgür Kasım

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Abstract


WERE THE RAMADANİDS AN ÜÇOK CLAN İN ORİGİN?
In the records of Seljuk, Mameluke and Ottoman period, which provided information as regards the Turkmen, many tribes that still maintained the names of old Oghuz clans can be found. These records, referring to the names of the tribes, have formed the basis of the research in which the method that the existence of Oghuz in Anatolia should be classified based on the categories of Üçok and Bozok was adopted. The claim that Ramadanid principality was founded by Üçok Turkmen and that its neighboring Dulkadir principality was founded by Bozok Turkmen, and as a result, the emergence of the notion that Oghuz clans and tribes were clearly distinguished from each other were both the consequence of the same method. However, the comparative analysis of demographic and tax records of the 16th century proves that Oghuz tribes were so closely related to each other that they cannot be subject to any classification like Üçok or Bozok just by referring to their names. As a matter of fact, this situation is the result of the distinction between Üçok and Bozok, which indeed weakened when Turkmen settled in Anatolia, and interference of these tribes with each other when they gathered in Northern Syria because of Mongol oppression. This new composition of Oghuz tribes was carried to the Ramadanid and Dulkadir populations unchanged when they spread from Northern Syria to Cilicia (Çukurova) and Maraş regions in two main routes and founded the Ramadanid and Dulkadir Principalities. In this respect, the confederation of Ramadanid is a confederation which was jointly founded by both Bozok and Üçok tribes of Oghuz clans. Moreover, many tribes that could be seen in the confederation of Ramadanid were also found in big nomad groups such as Halep, Şam, Tarsus, Danişmendli, Bozulus, Dulkadirli and Yeni-il Turkmen. This study mainly aims to demonstrate that Turkmen, who actually formed the population of the Ramadanid confederation, belonged to Oghuz clans. Also, even though the founding dynasty of the principality was of Üçok origin, we will try to prove the claims that the population did not only include Üçok tribes and that the confederation of Ramadanid was composed of different Turkmen tribes that also formed the population of other Turkish principalities and nomadic tribal formations.

Keywords
Üçok, Bozok, Oghuz, Turkmen, Clan, Tribes, Ramadanid.


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