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Abstract


ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRUST IN FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIAL CAPITAL BY THE STRUCTURAL EQUALITY MODEL
Shaped by the ideas of Douglass C. North, the co-winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Economics with Robert W. Fogel, and the great mind and pioneer of the new institutional economics approach that was found as a result of the distinctive differentiation of institutional economics within itself, this study focuses on the relationship between trust in institutions and social capital. One of the most important concepts for institutional economics, which emphasizes the nature of economics, is the institution. According to North, institutions are rules of the game played in a society; in other words, it is the restrictions created by people that shape the interaction between people. These restrictions determine the activities that individuals are prohibited from doing and the conditions under which individuals are allowed to engage in certain activities. In short, institutions constitute the framework of interaction between people. With reference to so-called relationship, which is shaped by North, and which we come across as "institutional trust", this study examines theoretically the relationship between the institutional economics approach, which focuses initially on rules and institutions, and the social capital approach, which is today becoming more and more important. In a theoretical framework, after this relationship is proven, the effects of trust in the formal and informal financial institutions on social capital are revealed via Structural Equation Modeling, which is a second-generation data analysis technique. According to the findings of the present research, tested using the Structural Equation Model, trust in financial institutions has a positive and significant effect on social capital.

Keywords
Institutional Economics, Social Capital, Trust in Institutions, Structural Equation Model


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