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Abstract


IMPERATIVE, OPTATIVE MOODS AND MOOD OF INTENTION IN THE TATAR DIALECT LANGUAGE
The multiple forms of command, desire, intention to perform some action in the Turkic languages and dialects, in general, and in the Tatar dialect language, in particular, are represented by different grammatical forms. Such an abundance of grammatical forms predetermined by the psychological characteristics of the Turkic peoples, by their spiritual and emotional conditions, by their willingness to help not only by physical actions, but also by advices, recommendations, exhortations to do or not do a certain action. In the Tatar dialect language imperative mood does not have specific morphological indicators that distinguish it from the other inclinations. However, the author of the article as an imperative verb forms recognizes a number of grammatical particles being connected to the infinitive form, namely affixes and particles. They coincide with the verbal stem. These forms are used to express the complementary shades of persistence, categorical, persuasion, request, exhortation, that enhance or, on the contrary, weaken the emotional and volitional value of imperative. In the subdialects of the Tatar language there is small number of these affixes, namely, forms with -ı? , -gın, -sın (-nar). The use of the optative mood is limited to the I person singular and plural forms, which is realized by the affixes, such as -ay, -ıy, -magay(ı), -gay. These forms are related to the affix -gay, using which in the Ancient Turkic Monuments the forms of the future tense were formed. Moreover, in the subdialects of the Tatar language different shades of desire to perform some action are expressed by the numerous analytic forms like -ası kile, -ası idi, -ası qalğan, -ası iken,-ası bul, -gı kili (kile), -gı idi, -ırga idi, -ır (-mas) idi. The mood of intention in the subdialects of the Tatar language are expressed by the special grammatical forms. This allows us to distinguish them as a separate inclination. To express the meaning of intention or determination to perform some action in the Tatar dialect language -makçı, -mak, -ğaltı grammatical forms, as well as ırğa ite, -ırga at'a, -ırga kili, -ırga tile, -mağa ite, -mağa tili, -ma kili, -mak bul, -mak ite, -ğalı ite, -ğalı otur (utır) analytic constructions are used. In this paper, the system-synchronous description of inclinations is accompanied by the linguo- geographical and the areal interpretation of the material.

Keywords
Tatar dialect language, Tatar subdialects, imperative mood, optative mood, the mood of intention, ve


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